To introduce the students the method of oil recovery and the steps involved in oil gas production process.
To make the students understand the process behavior of some of the important unit
operations in petrochemical industry through mathematical model.
To familiarize the students to apply knowledge to select the appropriate control strategy for the selective process.
To provide information about the most important derivatives obtained from petroleum products.
To help the students in understanding selection and maintenance of instruments in petrochemical industry.
UNIT I OIL EXTRACTION AND OIL GAS PRODUCTION 9
Techniques used for oil discovery – Oil recovery methods – oil rig system – Overview of oil gas production – oil gas separation – Gas treatment and compression – Control and safety systems.
UNIT II IMPORTANT UNIT OPERATIONS IN REFINERY 9
Distillation Column – Thermal cracking – Catalytic Cracking – Catalytic reforming – mathematical Modeling and selection of appropriate control strategy – Alkylation – Isomerization.
UNIT III DERIVATIVES FROM PETROLEUM 9
Derivatives from methane – Methanol Production – Acetylene production – Derivatives from acetylene ––Derivatives from ethylene – Derivatives from propylene.
UNIT IV IMPORTANT PETROLEUM PRODUCTS & MEASUREMENTS 9
BTX from Reformate – Styrene – Ethylene oxide/Ethylene glycol – polyethylene – Polypropylene – PVC production. Parameters to be measured in refinery and petrochemical industry – Selection and maintenance of measuring instruments.
UNIT V SAFETY IN INSTRUMENTATION SYSTEMS 9
Hazardous zone classification – Electrical and Intrinsic safety – Explosion suppression and Deluge systems – Flame, fire and smoke detectors – leak detectors – Guidelines and standards – General SIS Design Configurations – Hazard and Risk Assessment – Failure modes – Operation and
COURSE OUTCOMES (COs)
- Gain knowledge on oil gas production process and important unit operations in a refinery
- Having gained the process knowledge, ability to develop and analyze mathematical model of
- Able to develop, analyze and select appropriate control strategy for selective unit operations in a
- Gain knowledge on the most important chemical derivatives obtained from petroleum products. 5.
Understand safety instrumentation followed in process industries.
- Waddams, A.L., “Chemicals from Petroleum”, Wiley, 1973. (digitized in 2007).
- Balchen, J.G., and Mumme K.I., “Process Control Structures and Applications”, Von Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1988.
- Liptak, B.G., “Instrumentation in Process Industries”, Chilton Book Company, 2005. (Digitized in 2008.)
- Austin, G.T. and Shreeves, A.G.T., “Chemical Process industries”, McGraw-Hill, 2012.
- HavardDevold, “Oil and Gas Production Handbook”, ABB, 2006.
- Paul Gruhn and Harry Cheddie, “Safety Instrumented Systems: Design, Analysis, and Justification”, 2nd Edition, ISA Press, 2006.