To make the students review the instruments used for measurement of basic process
parameters like level, flow, pressure and temperature.
To explore the various types of analyzers used in industrial applications.
To make the students to understand the requirement of safety instrumented system, standards
and risk analysis techniques
To make students familiarize with Instrumentation standards such as BS1042, ISA 75, ISA 84 and ISA 88.
To make students familiarize with Instrumentation Symbols, Abbreviations and Identification for Instruments, Process Flow diagrams, Instrument Loop diagrams, Instrument Hookup diagrams and Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams.
UNIT I MEASUREMENT OF PROCESS PARAMETERS 9
Review the various Measurement techniques of temperature, pressure, flow and level – application – selection of sensors– calibration methods.
UNIT II INSTRUMENTS FOR ANALYSIS 9
Ion selective electrodes : Gas & Liquid Chromatography – Oxygen analyzers for gas and liquid – CO, CO2, NO and SO Analyzers- Hydrocarbon and HS Analyzers – Dust Analyzers, smoke Analyzers, Toxic gas Analyzers and radiation monitoring.
UNIT III SAFETY INSTRUMENTATION 9
Introduction to Safety Instrumented Systems – Hazards and Risk – Process Hazards Analysis (PHA) – Safety Life Cycle – Control and Safety Systems – Safety Instrumented Function – Safety Integrity Level (SIL) – Selection, Verification and Validation.
UNIT IV INSTRUMENTATION STANDARDS 9
Instrumentation Standards – significance of codes and standards – overview of various types – Introduction of various Instrumentation standards – review, interpretation and significance of specific
standards – examples of usage of standards on specific applications.
UNIT V DOCUMENTATION IN PROCESS INDUSTRIES 9
Block Diagram of a Typical Process – Instrumentation Symbols, Abbreviations and Identification for Instruments: – Mechanical Equipment, Electrical Equipment, Instruments and Automation Systems –
Process Flow Diagram (PFD) – Piping and Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID) -Instrument Lists and Specification – Logic Diagrams – Instrument Loop Diagrams – Instrument Hookup Diagrams – Location Plans for Instruments – Cable Routing Diagrams – Typical Control / Rack Rooms Layout –
Vendors Documents and Drawings
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
Students will be able to
understand the instrumentation behind flow, level, temperature and pressure measurement
Acquire basic knowledge on the various types of analyzers used in typical industries.
Understand the role of Safety instrumented system in the industry.
Explain Standards for applying Instrumentation in Hazards Locations.
Design, develop, and interpret the documents used to define instruments and control
Systems for a typical project, including P&IDs, loop diagrams, specification forms,
Instrument lists, logic diagrams, installation details, and location plans
- B.G.Liptak, “Instrumentation Engineers Handbook (Process Measurement & Analysis)”,
Fourth Edition, Chilton Book Co, CRC Press, 2005.
- Swapan Basu, “Plant Hazard analysis and Safety Instrumentation systems” Academic Press, 2016
- Al.Sutko,Jerry.D.Faulk, “Industrial Instrumentation”, Delmar publishers, 1996. Paul Gruhn, P.E., CFSE and Harry Cheddie, P.E., “Safety Instrumented Systems: Design, Analysis, and Justification”, 2nd Edition, ISA 2006.
- Safety – ANSI/ISA84.00.01-2004, Part 1: Framework, Definitions, System Hardware and Software Requirements; ANSI/ISA84.00.01-2004, Part 2: Functional Safety: Safety Instrumented Systems
for the Process Industry Sector; ANSI/ISA84.00.01-2004, Part 3: Guidance for the Determination of the Required Safety Integrity Levels-Informative.
- Standards – ANSI/ISA-75.01.01 -2002 (60534-2-1 Mod): Flow Equations for Sizing control Valves; ISA84 Process Safety Standards and User Resources, Second Edition, ISA, 2011; ISA88 Batch
Standards and User Resources, 4th Edition, ISA, 2011.
- Documentation Standards – ANSI/ISA5.4-1991 – Instrument Loop Diagrams; ANSI/ISA5.06.01-
2007 – Functional Requirements Documentation for Control Software Applications; ANSI/ISA20- 1981 – Specification Forms for Process Measurement and Control Instruments, Primary Elements, and Control Valves.