- To develop in students, graphic skills for communication of concepts, ideas and design of Engineering products.
- To expose them to existing national standards related to technical drawings.
CONCEPTS AND CONVENTIONS (Not for Examination) 1
Importance of graphics in engineering applications – Use of drafting instruments – BIS conventions and specifications – Size, layout and folding of drawing sheets – Lettering and dimensioning.
UNIT I PLANE CURVES AND FREEHAND SKETCHING 7+12
Basic Geometrical constructions, Curves used in engineering practices: Conics – Construction of ellipse, parabola and hyperbola by eccentricity method – Construction of cycloid – construction of involutes of square and circle – Drawing of tangents and normal to the above curves. Visualization concepts and Free Hand sketching: Visualization principles –Representation of Three Dimensional objects – Layout of views- Freehand sketching of multiple views from pictorial views of objects
UNIT II PROJECTION OF POINTS, LINES AND PLANE SURFACE 6+12
Orthographic projection- principles-Principal planes-First angle projection-projection of points. Projection of straight lines (only First angle projections) inclined to both the principal planes – Determination of true lengths and true inclinations by rotating line method and traces Projection of planes (polygonal and circular surfaces) inclined to both the principal planes by rotating object method.
UNIT III PROJECTION OF SOLIDS 5+12
Projection of simple solids like prisms, pyramids, cylinder, cone and truncated solids when the axis is inclined to one of the principal planes by rotating object method.
UNIT IV PROJECTION OF SECTIONED SOLIDS AND DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACES 5+12
Sectioning of above solids in simple vertical position when the cutting plane is inclined to the one of the principal planes and perpendicular to the other – obtaining true shape of section. Development of lateral surfaces of simple and sectioned solids – Prisms, pyramids cylinders and cones.
UNIT V ISOMETRIC AND PERSPECTIVE PROJECTIONS 6 +12
Principles of isometric projection – isometric scale –Isometric projections of simple solids and truncated solids – Prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones- combination of two solid objects in simple vertical positions – Perspective projection of simple solids-Prisms, pyramids and cylinders by visual ray method .
TOTAL: 90 PERIODS
- On successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Familiarize with the fundamentals and standards of Engineering graphics
- Perform freehand sketching of basic geometrical constructions and multiple views of objects.
- Project orthographic projections of lines and plane surfaces.
- Draw projections and solids and development of surfaces.
- Visualize and to project isometric and perspective sections of simple solids.
- Natrajan K.V., ―A text book of Engineering Graphics‖, Dhanalakshmi Publishers, Chennai, 2009.
- Venugopal K. and Prabhu Raja V., ―Engineering Graphics‖, New Age International (P) Limited, 2008.
- Bhatt N.D. and Panchal V.M., ―Engineering Drawing‖, Charotar Publishing House, 50th Edition, 2010.
- Basant Agarwal and Agarwal C.M., ―Engineering Drawing‖, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2008.
- Gopalakrishna K.R., ―Engineering Drawing‖ (Vol. I&II combined), Subhas Stores, Bangalore, 2007.
- Luzzader, Warren.J. and Duff,John M., ―Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing with an introduction to Interactive Computer Graphics for Design and Production, Eastern Economy Edition, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2005.
- 5. N. S. Parthasarathy and Vela Murali, ―Engineering Graphics‖, Oxford University, Press, New Delhi, 2015.
- Shah M.B., and Rana B.C., ―Engineering Drawing‖, Pearson, 2nd Edition, 2009.
Publication of Bureau of Indian Standards:
1. IS 10711 – 2001: Technical products Documentation – Size and lay out of drawing sheets.
2. IS 9609 (Parts 0 & 1) – 2001: Technical products Documentation – Lettering.
3. IS 10714 (Part 20) – 2001 & SP 46 – 2003: Lines for technical drawings.
4. IS 11669 – 1986 & SP 46 – 2003: Dimensioning of Technical Drawings.
5. IS 15021 (Parts 1 to 4) – 2001: Technical drawings – Projection Methods.
Special points applicable to University Examinations on Engineering Graphics:
- There will be five questions, each of either or type covering all units of the syllabus.
- All questions will carry equal marks of 20 each making a total of 100.
- The answer paper shall consist of drawing sheets of A3 size only. The students will be permitted to use appropriate scale to fit solution within A3 size.
The examination will be conducted in appropriate sessions on the same day